The Evolution Of Knightly Armour - 1066 - 1485

A video full of details which took over 30 hours in the making. I hope you like it and you find the info in it useful :D
An armour (spelled armor in the US) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual, or vehicle by weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or action.
The word "armour" began to appear in the Middle Ages as a derivative of Old French. It is dated from 1297 as a "mail, defensive covering worn in combat". The word originates from the Old French armure, itself derived from the Latin armatura meaning "arms and/or equipment", with the root armare meaning "arms or gear".
Armour has been used throughout recorded history. It has been made from a variety of materials, beginning with rudimentary leather protection and evolving through mail and metal plate into today's modern composites.
Significant factors in the development of armour include the economic and technological necessities of its production. For instance, plate armour first appeared in Medieval Europe when water-powered trip hammers made the formation of plates faster and cheaper.
Well-known armour types in European history include the lorica hamata, lorica squamata, and the lorica segmentata of the Roman legions, the mail hauberk of the early medieval age, and the full steel plate harness worn by later medieval and renaissance knights, and breast and back plates worn by heavy cavalry in several European countries until the first year of World War I (1914-15). The samurai warriors of feudal Japan utilised many types of armour for hundreds of years up to the 19th century.
Plate armour became cheaper than mail by the 15th century as it required less labour, labour that had become more expensive after the Black Death, though it did require larger furnaces to produce larger blooms. Mail continued to be used to protect those joints which could not be adequately protected by plate.
The small skull cap evolved into a bigger helmet, the bascinet. Several new forms of fully enclosed helmets were introduced in the late 14th century.
By about 1400 the full plate armour had been developed in armouries of Lombardy. Heavy cavalry dominated the battlefield for centuries in part because of their armour.
Probably the most recognised style of armour in the World became the plate armour associated with the knights of the European Late Middle Ages.
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Пікірлер: 1 638

  • Razorbackxr 88
    Razorbackxr 885 жыл бұрын

    Funny thing is, your video left off roughly where my knowledge picks up. After the advent of the arquebus, armor began largely retracing it's steps, reverting from full plate to cuirass/shoulders/greaves in the 1500s, then just a cuirass in the 1600s. By the late 1700s, armor had reduced to leather pieces integrated into uniforms, with reinforced boots and gloves. It then all but disappeared aside from helms until the early-mid 1900s with the adoption of heavy leather jackets by aircraft pilots, then flak vests in the 1960s. In the late 1900s, we regressed all the way back to padded cloth, except the fabric being used was Kevlar. This brings us to the 1990s, when we discovered the joys of ceramic, and turned our modern doublets into cuirass again, and then the early 2000s, when the peak of mass-produced armor tech was ablative ceramic scale mail over padded kevlar cloth. If you read this far, like or respond, and I'll do sufficient research to turn it into an actual response video.

  • Kakidilla


    Ай бұрын

    Modern armor is ceramic? How would that be so effective? And how would it evolve in the future? And this question is a bit out there, but how will weapons evolve in the future and how will armor evolve to combat them?

  • Louis arild karvø

    Louis arild karvø

    6 ай бұрын

    No video

  • Louis arild karvø

    Louis arild karvø

    6 ай бұрын


  • Monday's insanity

    Monday's insanity

    9 ай бұрын

    @Matt JK theyre good when used probably That means as a combined arms element beside well trained infantry. With infrantry defending against atgms and other such things and tanks acting as a moving wall and taking out enemy emplacements when needed. Especially if you have air superiority. And especially when moving over open ground. They can also be very good when used defensively like to encircle and besiege a city or defend a fob from an assault. Once again along side infantry and especially with air superiority. Tanks suck when commanders think theyre invincible and can do things like send them INTO cities alone, field them openly without air cover, drive them singlefile down highways, etc. When used properly they can make a force unstoppable in the proper situation. When used wrong you can lose billions of dollars and alot of lives

  • Matt JK

    Matt JK

    9 ай бұрын

    @Monday's insanity in retrospect from looking at more stuff and considering it more, yeah seems like it isn't worth it AND they don't even really work. I guess shrapnel protection isn't nothing but reduced visibility isn't nothing either. Also in terms of tanks, I have no idea, though it's worth noting that most of the weapon systems that are wasting tanks left and right aren't a world away from similar platforms in the 80's and 90's. Tanks have been "dead" for decades but they seem to provide something that isn't fulfilled by alternatives. Hard to say really.

  • TheOneGuy1111
    TheOneGuy1111 Жыл бұрын

    It's interesting how we tend to think of Knights as having full plate armor, but throughout most of the middle ages that simply wasn't the case.

  • Sam Rukin

    Sam Rukin

    2 ай бұрын

    i suppose that is why those centuries were referred to as the high middle ages

  • HexenStar


    8 ай бұрын

    @erojerisiz I absolutely concur! To me, when someone mentions middle ages, then i immediately think of 11-12 century, and not anything else.

  • erojerisiz


    Жыл бұрын

    as much as I love full plate armor, the crusade era armor just looks glorious

  • Beth&793


    Жыл бұрын

    Yeah, depictions of Richard the Lionheart in full plate- like, what?!?

  • Warhorse Studios
    Warhorse Studios5 жыл бұрын

    Wonderful video Metatron. Nicely done.

  • Robin Rehlinghaus

    Robin Rehlinghaus

    Жыл бұрын

    You must feel quite hungry

  • Anon


    Жыл бұрын


  • Žíra


    2 жыл бұрын


  • Грустный Добряк

    Грустный Добряк

    2 жыл бұрын

    @Metatron Привет и Скажи мне Был Крестовый поход на Персию🇮🇷⚔🇪🇦✝️⚔☪️Иран🇮🇷⚔🇪🇦✝️⚔☪️🇮🇶⚔🇨🇵✝️⚔☪️🇪🇬⚔🇨🇵✝️🇻🇦⚔🇸🇦☪️

  • Грустный Добряк

    Грустный Добряк

    2 жыл бұрын

    @IraqI GaMer Привет и Скажи мне Был Крестовый поход на Персию🇮🇷⚔🇪🇦✝️⚔☪️Иран🇮🇷⚔🇪🇦✝️⚔☪️🇮🇶⚔🇨🇵✝️⚔☪️🇪🇬⚔🇨🇵✝️🇻🇦⚔🇸🇦☪️

  • TheFlutefreak
    TheFlutefreak3 жыл бұрын

    0:55 11th century 2:27 12th century 4:57 13th century 9:40 14th century 15:37 15th century

  • Katarina Tibai

    Katarina Tibai

    Жыл бұрын

    Thank you 😘

  • Edgar gaming

    Edgar gaming

    Жыл бұрын

    Tha tha tha tha tha anks anks anks anks anks

  • kelian


    2 жыл бұрын


  • Tornagh
    Tornagh5 жыл бұрын

    but the real question: could you wear a 14th century greathelm over a 12th century greathelm? And would you call that a Greater helm?

  • Meat Clown

    Meat Clown

    Жыл бұрын

    @A Chaps and it only covered the left side of her body

  • A Chaps

    A Chaps

    Жыл бұрын

    What kind of armor did the ladies wear? Would it have been called fe-mail?

  • JustASlav


    Жыл бұрын

    To actually answer your questions: No, but helmets actually were usually put underneath the greathelm which offered bonus protection. Edit: Well Metatron already addressed this in the video. It is at 13:04.

  • Delta Zenturo

    Delta Zenturo

    2 жыл бұрын

    @Blue Sap Put a plastic bag over it and pull it around, that’s about how it feels and you should be able to figure out the rest.

  • Harrow Drut
    Harrow Drut Жыл бұрын

    Sucks that right when armor started looking really cool guns were invented.

  • Theo


    Ай бұрын

    colonial era uniforms are some of the drippiest though

  • Ser Fordham

    Ser Fordham

    8 ай бұрын

    I disagree, 11th 12th century Crusader armor looks really awesome..

  • mrbouncelol


    8 ай бұрын

    @Rev BladeZ You might also say that developments in medicine, surgery and combat first aid have affected this because modern soldiers are able to wear only enough armour to prevent lethal hits because it is likely (although of course far from certain) that hits to their extremities can be made less than lethal via the rapid application of combat first aid e.g. tourniquets and rapid wound sealants, and swift expedition to a location where life saving medicine and surgery can be applied. Now all this probably goes out the window in a peer conflict

  • Sir Gulag

    Sir Gulag

    8 ай бұрын

    sucks that guns were invented

  • Kriegter


    9 ай бұрын

    Guns were already around at the time. Armour got cooler BECAUSE it had to stop musket shots. So it's more the other way around.

  • Neutral Fellow
    Neutral Fellow5 жыл бұрын

    Perhaps the flat top helm design was a result of frontal strikes being more common than overhead strikes, so the protection of the forehead and the brow was seen as more paramount than the risk of getting hit with a downward swing. Also, considering that the majority of flat top depictions show men on horseback, perhaps them being usually mounted meant that overhead strikes on them were a lot more difficult to achieve, so they choose a stronger frontal structure instead.

  • Osman Bkilic

    Osman Bkilic

    2 жыл бұрын

    @small_sand_pile interesting point, do you know any Sources you could share with me?

  • edi


    2 жыл бұрын

    @1mp0ster I heard that riveted tanks could be destroyed by a mere 75mm HE. The explosion would destroy the hull and turn rivets into shrapnel... I'm referring to early WWII tanks BTW.

  • 1mp0ster


    2 жыл бұрын

    Nathan Hunt That is a very good point. Basically single entire pieces of armor give a lot more protection but cannot really be repaired. Riveted armor is easier because different people can just specialize in a single piece that they make a lot of and it all gets assembled. Think about WW2 tanks. The German tanks were extremely well armored with single pieces, while Americans had lighter tanks with weaker riveted armor, but Americans were able to mass produce their tanks. And if an American tank got knocked out, it would simply throw away the broken pieces and put on new ones from supply caravans. German tanks would kill a lot of American tanks before going doen, but a German tank could not be repaired in the field.

  • edi


    2 жыл бұрын

    @26CLT I can´t remember where I´ve seen it. Maybe, it was only speculation based on iconography, however, I definitely wouldn´t want to fight with one of these iron pots on my head...

  • 26CLT


    2 жыл бұрын

    @edi oh I'm definitely going to need sources saying that knights and infantry threw off their helmets just before engaging in a foot fight

  • Noble
    Noble Жыл бұрын

    its interesting how the romans made their first 'plate' armors centuries before the first experiments with them in the medieval ages

  • Rémi Lenoir

    Rémi Lenoir

    Ай бұрын

    The plate armor used by the romans wasn't particularly superior to full mail hauberts. Mail hauberts were harder to produce as well, as there were more steps involved in making them (forging and thinning of a steel rod, bending of each individual ring, riveting of the rings one by one) than in the mass produced lorica segmentata. What may seem like a technological regression only seems so _a posteriori_ because we tend to see the Lorica Segmentata as a roman equivalent to medieval plate armor, which it definitely wasn't; at any level (hardness, functionality, craftsmanship, resilience...). The extent to which the Lorica Segmentata was used in imperial Rome is actually unknown, what we do know however is that mail remained widely used by legionnaries before, during and after its days of glory, which tends to show that it didn't perform well enough to justify its cost. The Lorica Segmentata was most likely a wide scale experiment that quickly fell out of favor and remained in use mostly as a uniform for parads and scenic re-enactment. Saying that armor technology in the middle ages suffered a regression because plate armor was used before full mail hauberts and only reappeared several centuries later, is akin to saying that gun technology regressed during the modern era because guns of the late Middle Ages had been bigger in size and only began to attain that size again at the end of the XIXth century. It is a very superficial judgement.

  • Average Alien

    Average Alien

    2 ай бұрын

    @Hohenzollern it didn't take any years to pick up where the Roman's left off. Context. Use it

  • Hohenzollern


    2 ай бұрын

    @Average Alien what didnt what? Words... use them.

  • Average Alien

    Average Alien

    2 ай бұрын

    @Hohenzollern no it didn't, lmao

  • SpadaccinoLuciano
    SpadaccinoLuciano5 жыл бұрын

    Can you do a video on Byzantine armor from 284 - 1453? I've seen a few examples of Byzantine armor, and it seems really similar to armors like the Lorica Segmentata, but I've also seen Byzantine mail, and armors that look similar to ones I've seen from the Middle East, so I think it would make a really interesting video to show all the different styles and influences.

  • SpadaccinoLuciano


    2 ай бұрын

    @Hohenzollern This doesnt contradict anything I said.

  • Hohenzollern


    2 ай бұрын

    @SpadaccinoLuciano Incorrect, since the Ottomans figured they were Rome since they conquered it. I mean, they didnt run around calling them selves "Ottomans" just like the Byzantines didnt call them self Byzantines, they were Rum.

  • SpadaccinoLuciano


    3 ай бұрын

    @Parker Muller It existed, it's a useful term for the surviving eastern part of the Roman Empire. They just didnt call themselves that. Also "Roma" is Latin, "Rhome" would be the Greek version. In any case, "Forever" only lasted until 1453. That was a long time ago.

  • Parker Muller

    Parker Muller

    3 ай бұрын

    Byzantine never existed. Roma forever.

  • cslantz


    Жыл бұрын

    @ladoga to be even more descriptive, specifically the eastern romans armor, who eventually became the byzantines

  • Sam
    Sam5 жыл бұрын

    6:20 when you're fighting to the death but your horses were friends back in high school

  • Fly Veto

    Fly Veto

    5 ай бұрын

    I burst out laughing when I saw this one.

  • Zurges Miecal

    Zurges Miecal

    9 ай бұрын

    ​@Jacob B alright, your life is that miserable that you have to insult people in the internet

  • Jacob B

    Jacob B

    9 ай бұрын

    @Zurges Miecal goofy

  • Zurges Miecal

    Zurges Miecal

    9 ай бұрын

    @Jacob B and I asked a question

  • andrew strongman
    andrew strongman4 жыл бұрын

    I love the teachers attitude: "You will learn which armour set belongs to which century." Great work here.

  • Carlos Albin
    Carlos Albin5 жыл бұрын

    Metatron, Warhorse Studios, the guys that are making Kingdom Come: Deliverance, have just tweeted this video. They most have loved it to have done that

  • David


    5 жыл бұрын

    Carlos Albin I hope he sees your commentary, that game is definetely what he and us would be more hyped about.

  • Dan Slash
    Dan Slash5 жыл бұрын

    This is great if you want to write fantasy with a world that has some progress over time.

  • dutch dan der dinde

    dutch dan der dinde

    Жыл бұрын

    That's exactly what I'm doing lol

  • Gastón Linares

    Gastón Linares

    3 жыл бұрын

    Im here for that purpuse indeed :V

  • SlamScum


    5 жыл бұрын

    Dan Slash That would be really fun!

  • calvin huddleston
    calvin huddleston3 жыл бұрын

    I'm trying to get into armoring and based on my (admittedly not large) experience I think the flat tops were just easier to make and thus cheaper, I might be wrong but that's my guess

  • TF D
    TF D3 жыл бұрын

    Two points,. 1) The flat topped helmet seems more of a fashion choice to me than practical. When facing indirect arrow fire (IE arrows fired into the air rather than directly at soldiers and therefore meant to deliver a volley of arrows that are falling down on them from above) a conical helmet is much superior when it comes to deflecting arrows, something a flat topped helmet cannot do. I'm not surprised that the flat topped helmet was fairly short lived as a result and that most helmets were conical going forward. 2) I always found it interesting that gunpowder had made it's way to Europe by the late 14th century, just as full plate was being developed. Meaning the reign of the iconic full plated knight lasted less than a century (late 14th through the mid 15th) before being made obsolete by increasingly effective firearms.

  • TF D

    TF D

    2 жыл бұрын

    @Liam The Great That could be. I assumed it was a fashion choice but when it comes to things like this we're all guessing

  • Liam The Great

    Liam The Great

    2 жыл бұрын

    I would imagine that the flat topped helms would be easier to make, making them cheaper and so would be the go-to for your average footman. Maybe that's why they were so prevalent when the conical shape is better at deflecting blows.

  • masterchief300
    masterchief3005 жыл бұрын

    I know by the 14th century, the shield had dropped mostly out of use. How and when did this happen? Could be a cool idea for a video.

  • No One

    No One

    Жыл бұрын

    By the 15th century

  • Duchess Skye

    Duchess Skye

    5 жыл бұрын

    Adam Wolfe unlike plate most armors were still unable to really protect against blunt damage, so probably that's why

  • masterchief300


    5 жыл бұрын

    The_JoJo_Reference I guess I'm more interested in the evolution of the shield alongside armor, and wondering if two handed weapons or any form of dual wielding was used before the invention of full plate, since especially some of the later armors seemed complete on their own and would provide enough protection without a shield.

  • Duchess Skye

    Duchess Skye

    5 жыл бұрын

    When the Full Plate armor was worn, those soldiers abandoned the shield. So the real question is, when was plate armor first used in battle?

  • Tri-Hard Gaming
    Tri-Hard Gaming5 жыл бұрын

    A moment of silence as we remember the poor sop who was the first to have his neck snapped by his frog helm. (Thus causing the smiths to decide "Hey, let's attach that to the breastplate so it doesn't happen again!") 20:52

  • Bio


    Жыл бұрын

    I really don't understand how did they breathe in that thing 😅

  • rubén Galván
    rubén Galván5 жыл бұрын

    Awesome video. It would be a good idea to make a video about the renaissance armors, in specific the half armors of the Landsknechts and the swiss mercenaries!

  • Padraic Smith
    Padraic Smith5 жыл бұрын

    I really enjoyed this and I love these long(ish) form talking videos about historical weapons and armour. Looking forward to more like it :)

  • Retrostalgia
    Retrostalgia3 жыл бұрын

    It was such a battle between the growth of Weaponry vs armor. With every new upgrade in weaponry there has to be an upgrade in armor to counter it. It was an arms race between blacksmiths on who made the better invention. The science behind the two is amazing and full of knowledge with some being lost through the strongest weapon of all, time. Great video subject and once again full of amazing details.

  • Logansfury
    LogansfuryАй бұрын

    This was an awesome video! The Arthurian tales have always been my favorite books and I have always been very very interested in the specifics of plate armor. This was a fantastic tutorial of the evolution of the armor thru the medieval period. Thank you very much for the upload :D

  • SoIDontUploadMuch
    SoIDontUploadMuch10 ай бұрын

    Really informative. One thing I don't get is why early knights almost exclusively went with mail when plate armor was already a thing since antiquity and is inherently much more protective. Knights were elite fighters who for the most part sourced their own equipment, so they could presumably choose the best armor the armorers of their day could make, and surely at least some of them must've been aware of the lorica segmentata and muscle cuirasses of old and intuited that such armor would've protected them better from hard blows than loose mail. So had medieval armorers just collectively forgotten how to make plate armor? Otherwise why did it take them the better part of five centuries to "rediscover" the fact that a cuirass of solid metal provides much better protection than a mail hauberk?

  • Matt Parsons
    Matt Parsons3 ай бұрын

    Awesome video - I’m trying to learn about armour for artistic purposes, I always find that understanding how things work and what their purpose is helps immensely when trying to visualise how something should look. This video did a perfect job of explaining everything you need to know about medieval armour while giving great visual examples. Many thanks!

  • adamkg321
    adamkg3212 жыл бұрын

    this is possibly my favorite Metatron video. It is so informative and just well-delivered

  • Metatron


    2 жыл бұрын

    Thank you. In my next video, which should come out between today and tomorrow, There Is a section where I review this Evolution again, but with a lot more iconography. Stay tuned :)

  • A Lounge Moogle
    A Lounge Moogle3 жыл бұрын

    This is also reflective of the armor progression of the Fighter in most D&D campaigns. It was for me at least.

  • Nancy Volker
    Nancy Volker5 жыл бұрын

    you have a very impressive amount of knowledge over a great many subjects. great job on your presentation.

  • Marc Turmel
    Marc Turmel27 күн бұрын

    Metatron never disappoints! Fantastic video indeed...

  • cain
    cain5 жыл бұрын

    Loving the Ashes of Ariendel music for the 14th century. Great video, Metatron! I'm a huge fan of European armour, especially stuff from the 15th and 16th centuries. One day, I'll have my full harness... (Just got an armet at the moment but a start is a start) Looking forward to more videos like this and seeing you get your hands on a 13th century set! Still waiting for the rest of that "Dark-Souls armour analysed" series, though, hehehe...

  • Cassuttus Tshirt
    Cassuttus Tshirt4 жыл бұрын

    Coat of plates! My favorite type of medieval armor! Yaaaay! Also, now I want a full harness of Milanese plate in Kingdom Come Deliverance. I'm pretty damn sure you can get one. You gave that game one hell review! I enjoy all of you videos. Man you make me *even more* excited for medieval warfare knowledge!

  • Kyle Vidauri
    Kyle Vidauri5 жыл бұрын

    This is going to be absurdly useful. I'm doing some work on a fantasy setting, and going through historical iterations of armor is just a perfect way of lining up both technological development and style is just so helpful. Thanks Meta!

  • ilcuggino
    ilcuggino5 жыл бұрын

    Hi Metatron! It would be pretty interesting a video on horse armour through history. But probably you already thought about that :D Great explanation ad always. Ciao from Bari.

  • Mark
    Mark5 жыл бұрын

    It would be interesting to see how all these changes in armour relate to other changes in the same period. I'm sure that weapons and armour were often developed to counter one another, so comparative armour and weapons development would be a good topic. The other big change I notice is an increase in the overall amount of metal used in the armour, which leads me to believe that production methods must have improved, and that larger quantities of iron were becoming available. I also recognize the challenge of trying to cram this much material into a 25 minute video, so good on you man.

  • myrddraal
    myrddraal5 жыл бұрын

    Awesome video!! The evolution is so interesting. I think I liked the mid 13th century style with the long heraldic layer and the flat top great helm in terms of style but the 15th century is definitely the most interesting

  • Heratis
    Heratis5 жыл бұрын

    Excellent video! Today I saw it for the second time and I think it will not be the last. I learnt a lot from it. This evening I saw a group of sculptures and I was able to identify it as a representation of a12th century knight and some common soldiers and I felt great! So when I came back home I watched this video again and I had to spent some time to thank you for your effort.

  • Disarmed Beatle
    Disarmed Beatle5 жыл бұрын

    I really enjoy your Medieval European videos. Now, I am aware you don't study this area quite as much as Japanese history, but I believe you do a great job in explaining certain aspects of the topic.

  • Ethan
    Ethan5 жыл бұрын

    This video actually taught me something. Awesome job!

  • Kev Caratacus
    Kev Caratacus3 жыл бұрын

    It's a nice change to hear someone be specific of what era theyre talking about. So many utube channels say "medieval " this or that happened.. as if medieval lasted 10 years or something.. Medieval covers a few hundred years.. SHADIVERSITY take notice ..

  • Svetlana Kuznetkova

    Svetlana Kuznetkova

    3 жыл бұрын

    Exactly. It covers about 1000 years of history

  • Zemplin Castellan
    Zemplin Castellan5 жыл бұрын

    This is seriously one of your best videos to date. Good thinking with the shout out to Ian as well.

  • Sam Miller
    Sam Miller5 жыл бұрын

    Hello Raf, I've Been a fan and sub for a long time, but your content just keeps getting better. Because of you I find myself learning more, and getting a better understanding, about periods of history that I not only love, but also on periods that I never really found myself particularly interested in, such as antiquity as I've always been more interested in the early/dark and high Middle Ages and WW1&2. So thanks for your hard work, you deserve all the support you gain and much more and long live the channel👌🏻

  • skinon45
    skinon4510 ай бұрын

    gotta love that dark souls + deus ex music, simply beautiful, also i love these videos, and how specific you are metattron, thank you for your work

  • E. Jatem
    E. Jatem5 жыл бұрын

    A very interesting and illustrative video. Congratulations to you Metatron, once again primordial Nobel One. I hope you continue your works, and keep enlightening us with awesome videos such as this.

  • R PM
    R PM3 жыл бұрын

    Excellent work M.....Absolutely fascinating history at it's best.

  • Gašper Žuber
    Gašper Žuber5 жыл бұрын

    A wonderful video, I loved that you pointed out that fashion had a lot to do with the development of the armour, as knights would often wear unpractical equipment just for fashions sake. Various head decorations spring to mind. Or later, as the winged Hussars wore the wings purely for the aesthetic purposes.

  • KAM Hyde

    KAM Hyde

    5 жыл бұрын

    Oh silly me! You're so right, Thor, Greetings from Valhalla

  • Nerobyrne


    5 жыл бұрын

    +KAM Hyde Don't be silly, haven't you ever heard of the Order of Tectonic Knights with their signature weapon, the "Earthquake Hammer"?

  • KAM Hyde

    KAM Hyde

    5 жыл бұрын

    Maybe you mean Teutonic? Tectonic refers to continental drift

  • MRPolo


    5 жыл бұрын

    No, they were never attached to their backs. As I discussed, they MIGHT have occasionally been attached to the horse. Can you imagine having to walk around with giant wings sticking out of your back? Not only that, but also fighting with it? Some szyszak helmets (helmets worn by Hussars) had metal wings. I've not heard of Teutonic Knights wearing wings at all, but I don't really know that much about the order.

  • Gašper Žuber

    Gašper Žuber

    5 жыл бұрын

    Fluffy Mc. Potatoe Pies actually, when it comes to the winged hussars, the wings were attached to their back or even the horse. The winged helmet was used centuries before. (By the teutonic knights, and even others.)

  • Seän Shepherd
    Seän Shepherd5 жыл бұрын

    Thank you SO much, Noble One. This is an *awesome* video! I (obviously) subscribed. Can't wait to see more! =)

  • Soniczabeth official and Roblox hedgehog
    Soniczabeth official and Roblox hedgehog2 жыл бұрын

    Great clip! I really like they way you present the evolution of the armor. Could you do similar one about blade types and blade evolution?

  • Louis Williamson
    Louis Williamson5 жыл бұрын

    Fantastic video as always - tons of excellent information. Are we likely to be seeing a similar video on the evolution of Samurai armour?

  • BroskieManDudeBro
    BroskieManDudeBro5 жыл бұрын

    Very interesting video. Not only did I learn about different armor from different periods, but how the armor worked. Very nice.

  • Jimmied Rustles
    Jimmied Rustles5 жыл бұрын

    I find your content so incredibly fascinating and well researched. I hope you make a good living from doing this.

  • legopattonfilms
    legopattonfilms3 жыл бұрын

    Very interesting video. I also find it helpful for designing armor for a fantasy story, here's how I would use them for my story. (Based on the thumbnail) 1100: Light Infantry and City Guards 1250: The King's Guard 1330: Common Knights 1400: Elite Knights 1450: King's Armor and Tournament Armor Thanks very much for the Education!

  • theo dora
    theo dora2 жыл бұрын

    Great video... it really showed the way in which the armor has evolved. I also expected a correlation between the evolution of different types of armor and assault / battle techniques throughout the ages ... not to mention the emergence of cannons or fire arms which has shifted the game completely. Nonetheless wonderfully put together and very well documented.

  • Agostino Manea
    Agostino Manea Жыл бұрын

    Great Video... would be very interesting to analyze the armour develop in centuries paired with weapons and tactics of the same period

  • Miguel G
    Miguel G5 жыл бұрын

    Thanks for all your great videos, Metatron! I love watching them and they have helped me draw so much. I never even thought that knights' armor evolved (because I'm dumb) and have been enlightened to be historically accurate in my art and, with historically accurate armor, I think my works look a lot more comfortable and functional while also looking more badass

  • Joshua Wagner
    Joshua Wagner5 жыл бұрын

    Wow! Over 30 hours of work? Thank you very much for this. Your time was well spent making this, as was mine watching it.

  • The Ballistic Kelt
    The Ballistic Kelt5 жыл бұрын

    Thanks so much for this great history of armor video! Perhaps you could do the same with swords from this period. Great job as always, Metatron!

  • Connor Duffy
    Connor Duffy5 жыл бұрын

    these videos just get better and better

  • asparis145149
    asparis1451494 жыл бұрын

    Great video! It would also be interesting to see the other end of the story; how armour "devolved" until in (I think) the 18th century it was entirely gone.

  • Neal Sterling
    Neal Sterling5 жыл бұрын

    Excellent Video! There's so much information, i'll need to watch it some more times! Also, i like the comparison between german and Italian styled armors, and since i like both styles very much, this Video has become one of my favourite (among so many) on this channel for now. Very appreciated!

  • Amir Ben-Chaim
    Amir Ben-Chaim2 жыл бұрын

    This was super interesting! Thank you for putting your time into this.

  • Frere Singe
    Frere Singe5 жыл бұрын

    Absolutely fantastic video Metatron. Thank you very much.

  • Tim Bradley
    Tim Bradley5 жыл бұрын

    Love the video. During a couple of different time periods you mentioned over lapping of different styles of helmets and other parts of armor. I would think that the economics and regional craftsmen would probably be the answer to why there were overlap. I have also thought about applying the styles of different types of armor in an attempt to make better motorcycle riding leathers for improved protection with minimal addition of weight and improving comfort

  • TheAnonymousMrGrape
    TheAnonymousMrGrape5 жыл бұрын

    Hey it's 4:00 AM. Time to learn about the history of knights!

  • justincone777


    Жыл бұрын

    Hey its been 4 years

  • itisaturtle


    2 жыл бұрын

    *3 years later at 4 am* Yes I agree with you!

  • Hat for a cat

    Hat for a cat

    2 жыл бұрын

    hitting too close to home

  • Glunch the Bestower

    Glunch the Bestower

    2 жыл бұрын

    Dude that’s literally exactly when I started watching this XD

  • Comet The Great

    Comet The Great

    3 жыл бұрын

    Same dude

  • Kuningaz
    Kuningaz5 жыл бұрын

    Literally the exact video I've wanted, right here. I love you, Metatron

  • TheDeytow
    TheDeytow Жыл бұрын

    Very funny how some armor characteristics from the Greco-Roman world that were lost get slowly readopted over time like, grieves, fully encased helmets, neck guards

  • HebaruSan
    HebaruSan5 жыл бұрын

    Fascinating how quickly armor developed in this period, so much that you can sometimes pinpoint a decade of origin for a piece, yet "fantasy" fiction and games tend to portray medieval societies as static and timeless.

  • zoukatron
    zoukatron5 жыл бұрын

    Really glad you did this video. Of course I really enjoy Ian LaSpina's videos as well, but we have been needing some to cover a better summary over time.

  • pulsehammer
    pulsehammer5 жыл бұрын

    Thanks for sharing your experience with armor in an easy overview to someone like me with limited knowledge.

  • Kurt Slavain
    Kurt Slavain Жыл бұрын

    Brigandine and chainmail+gambeson(or other type of thick cloth) is the coolest armour ever...also the Norse helmets with the nasal masks-the coolest looking ever.

  • Ynffy
    Ynffy5 жыл бұрын

    Love this little bit of history! Many thanks!

  • sushil dhanedhar
    sushil dhanedhar5 жыл бұрын

    you are doing a great job at preserving history of things

  • Nudelholzbaum
    Nudelholzbaum5 жыл бұрын

    Very interesting video. Thank you Metatron. By the way, out of which book are these detailed paintings of the knights (full armour, armor parts and some weapons)?

  • Isaiah Jurado
    Isaiah Jurado2 жыл бұрын

    Its crazy how accurate Kingdom Come was. The armor was so identical to those in the video.

  • smilefaxxe
    smilefaxxe5 жыл бұрын

    What an awesome video!! Thank you for putting that much effort into making great videos! I was thinking a while of supporting you via patreon... ... And especially this video convinced me to do so! Keep doing such a great job! //greetings from germany

  • igidj
    igidj5 жыл бұрын

    dark souls music? here, have a like

  • matthew fickenworth

    matthew fickenworth

    2 ай бұрын

    Gave me sister friede flash backs

  • 13ad Hunter

    13ad Hunter

    5 ай бұрын

    @Bamgbose yep :) I heard it too

  • YesMyBagel 2

    YesMyBagel 2

    7 ай бұрын

    @Abyss Strider friede’s theme

  • Abyss Strider

    Abyss Strider

    9 ай бұрын

    What's this soundtrack called?

  • Youngimperialist
    Youngimperialist5 жыл бұрын

    Mid to late 14th century knightly armor is my fav. The combination of gleaming plate with colorful surcoat and adorned great helm. Just glorious.

  • Rick Russell
    Rick Russell10 ай бұрын

    As usual a clear run down. Easy to follow and interesting.

  • Kin Chan
    Kin Chan2 ай бұрын

    The point at 18 minutes in. I'm so glad that you became that KZreadr who successfully found a way to arm yourself. Your past and has predicted yourself in the future

  • Sanguine Aurora
    Sanguine Aurora5 жыл бұрын

    I like how you use Deus Ex HR theme in your videos. Great game btw. Nice videos you got.. I watch SnapJelly as well, i like this kinda knowladge and i work on and research ancient-medieval warfare, and there are much we could discuss and there is much for me to learn. Nice job! Keep it up.

  • Barbie 💟
    Barbie 💟3 жыл бұрын

    A lot of information but organized and straightforward. It's interesting to see how knights prepared themselves with different armour ,chain mail,etc. Lol a knights armour is almost as complicated as my wardrobe.

  • No
    No5 жыл бұрын

    metatron the kind of guy to upload a video and instantly have 1080p

  • Dayton Victory Gardener
    Dayton Victory Gardener3 жыл бұрын

    Have you considered a similar video covering armor during the viking age and Carolingian period? Perhaps such a video would also be an excellent opportunity to discuss the origins of horned helmets in romantic period artwork. Real vikings didn't wear hormed helmets into battle.

  • Tk_Mitternacht
    Tk_Mitternacht Жыл бұрын

    Thanks, now I can't watch medieval movies without complaining about incorrect form of armor representation lol, but seriously this is such a good content it made me interested more and more about armors than I already am and helps me a lot with my artwork and such

  • rat488
    rat4885 жыл бұрын

    you should do this as a series with each century getting its own video!

  • Plague Doctor
    Plague Doctor5 жыл бұрын

    This video would be perfect (in my eyes) if you had included the origin of designs and the important wars they featured in.

  • CP M
    CP M2 жыл бұрын

    This helped me a lot figuring out a suit of armor for a character in a story I'm writing. Thank you!

  • Aleksa Radosavljevic
    Aleksa Radosavljevic Жыл бұрын

    I loved this video so much because it showed how armor dramatically changed from full chain to full plate from the 11th century to 15th century. Well done there and thank you so much! I think that armor was useless by 1500 because they already had guns and other advanced weaponry which replaced the medieval ones.

  • zubair321


    Ай бұрын

    @Aleksa Radosavljevic no problem mate😎

  • Aleksa Radosavljevic

    Aleksa Radosavljevic

    Ай бұрын

    @zubair321 That seems very true. Thanks for sharing.

  • zubair321


    Ай бұрын

    Armor wasn't useless after gunpowder. In fact, Armor became even more important to defend against this new weapon, so it adapted to this new change

  • Aidan Devine
    Aidan Devine7 ай бұрын

    I agree. The 15th century was the best period for knight armor because plate armor did it’s job effectively, plate armor began the iconic heroic knight look, and plate armor gave birth to the concept of a knight in shining armor. I think gothic and Italian armor is effective, beautiful, epic, heroic, and memorable.

  • NikovK
    NikovK4 жыл бұрын

    Metatron, I tried making a flat-topped helm with sheet metal and rivets for my son's Halloween costume. It was not very difficult compared to the misery doming out two symmetrical halves of a sugar loaf helmet would be.

  • sunnmøringen Riksheim
    sunnmøringen Riksheim5 жыл бұрын

    Amazing video Metatron! Perhaps the finest of your work, which is saying somthing.

  • Tiago Perotti
    Tiago Perotti2 жыл бұрын

    You could have also talked about the legacy of full Knightly armor as in the plate chest pieces, bacinets and caps that were used by certain classes of military in spain, portugal and france all the way up to the franco-prussian war. It was a major form of defense against firearms in the modern era and it's one of the most iconic representations of the spaniards in the colonial era

  • James Mahoney
    James Mahoney Жыл бұрын

    I'd love to learn more about why these changes occurred. Was it because of a change in weapons? In combat styles? Or were the times we see more armor times when there was more money to be spent making the armor, or more materials readily accessible?

  • Nerobyrne
    Nerobyrne5 жыл бұрын

    GB: Armour USA: Armor GB: Honour USA: Honor GB: "Hey what's the deal America?" USA: "I'm getting rid of U"

  • Nerobyrne


    2 жыл бұрын

    @Anton Chigurh ugh! Don't make me do that

  • Anton Chigurh

    Anton Chigurh

    2 жыл бұрын

    Can you do one on doughnut vs. donut? ;)

  • DwiezelAKAevo


    2 жыл бұрын

    Sathlas Dalarayni Dridlen Dardeldreth III oh it is? Well I’m British so idk 😐😂😂

  • Sathlas Dalarayni Dridlen Dardeldreth III

    Sathlas Dalarayni Dridlen Dardeldreth III

    2 жыл бұрын

    @DwiezelAKAevo the American spelling of the word.

  • DwiezelAKAevo


    2 жыл бұрын

    Sathlas Dalarayni Dridlen Dardeldreth III great points but I’m strictly staying in my league of Medieval stuff 😂 although I’m confused about that last part you commented: “The distaste of American spelling in Armour” 🤔

  • Meshari Alrashed
    Meshari Alrashed5 жыл бұрын

    mail armor is very effective against thrusting/stabbing - and cutting/slashing. though it really lacks protecting the body from Trauma and breaking the bones. which is the main way to kill a soldier in the mail armor, thus came the plate armor with a great ability to absorb the trauma and the impact of the hit. I think this should be always said in every video about the Evolution of Knight Armour. great video, love it and thank you for it.

  • Daniel Rocha
    Daniel Rocha5 жыл бұрын

    Amazing video! Thanks for your hard work!

  • KevLar
    KevLar5 жыл бұрын

    Thank you for your excellent work - very interesting and well done!

  • Pinkadot
    Pinkadot5 жыл бұрын

    it would be cool if you did a video like this from like 6th century to 10th century or something like this for samurai would also be cool.LOVED this vid btw

  • Mike Gould
    Mike Gould5 жыл бұрын

    Excellent and informative. Thank you Metatron

  • Lawn Mower Productions
    Lawn Mower Productions5 жыл бұрын

    yes but the more important question is what about dragons?

  • Generation M

    Generation M

    Жыл бұрын

    I have two words for you: Steamed Spam

  • Flower The NCR Ranger

    Flower The NCR Ranger

    2 жыл бұрын

    Just take a spellbreaker shield and enchanted Daedric Armor.

  • Gastón Linares

    Gastón Linares

    3 жыл бұрын

    A true man of culture!

  • Jorge Johnson

    Jorge Johnson

    3 жыл бұрын


  • Nick Dzink

    Nick Dzink

    5 жыл бұрын

    Enchant your bloody armor. If dragons exist, the magic behind them does too.

  • Lothair Dunn
    Lothair Dunn3 жыл бұрын

    Such an interesting topic and well exposed, as always. One question: which book do those illustrations come from?

  • Simple Soup
    Simple Soup4 жыл бұрын

    One of your best videos. Excellent content!!

  • Sed DelMar
    Sed DelMar2 жыл бұрын

    Excellent, I believe anyone would do worse than to hire you to curate a collection or advise on historical innovation. Thank you.