The Complete and Concise History of the Sumerians and Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia (7000-2000 BC)

Пікірлер: 1 976

  • Academic library
    Academic library12 күн бұрын

    00:00 Introduction 03:21 Early Farming Communities (Samarra, Halaf, Ubaid) 08:12 Eridu 12:51 Uruk and the First Cities 17:46 Invention of Writing 21:30 First Kings 22:47 Early Dynastic Period 23:36 Sumerian Religion 26:32 Lagash and Umma 33:00 Ur 35:10 Nippur 35:47 Urukagina 39:02 Lugalzagesi 41:57 Sargon and Akkadian Rule of Sumer 50:55 Post-Akkadian Sumer and the Gutians 54:24 Gudea of Lagash 55:30 Utu-hegal 57:30 Third Dynasty of Ur (Ur III) / Neo-Sumerian Empire 01:06:14 Amorites, Elamites and the End of an Era 01:09:41 Aftermath and Legacy of Sumer 01:11:45 Thank you and Patrons

  • ANNAlysis
    ANNAlysis Жыл бұрын

    Amazing job! Very detailed and organized. I like the way you included the people before the Sumerians. It gives me a perspective of how the people evolved. Very fascinating history! Really enjoyed this presentation.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    10 күн бұрын

    Thanks, glad you enjoyed this! More on the way...next video is on Babylonia...stay tuned and thanks for watching!

  • DS Nnamdi Network

    DS Nnamdi Network

    3 ай бұрын

    Quite detailed

  • Kevin Sturges
    Kevin Sturges Жыл бұрын

    I can't imagine how much work and time it took to make this video. Really enjoyed this. I learned so much. Subscribed.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    10 күн бұрын

    Thank you, really appreciate it!

  • Parks Peters
    Parks Peters4 ай бұрын

    This is such a great video, thanks for taking the time to make it. I can't help but wonder how the Sumerian city states decided what gods represent what. The ensi of Ur represented the moon, Uruk's Inanna represented love and war, and the list goes on. But surely the people of Ur didn't exclusively worship the moon, or the people of Lagash E-ninnu, so how did the cities 'claim' their respective Gods? Was it a gradual allocation of gods to cities over the course of centuries of Sumerian cultural exchange? I doubt the ensis sat down and had a meeting over who got what lol

  • m4573r

    m4573r

    2 ай бұрын

    Same way football teams choose their mascots. :)

  • Arjob Mukherjee
    Arjob Mukherjee Жыл бұрын

    Quality content and narration. Your dedication and love for ancient history made me love history as well. Thank you for the video.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Wow,m thanks...comments like this make my day and are exactly what I'm trying to do here... get other people to love history as much as I do! Thank you, your words inspire me to put out more of such content, which no worries, I'll continue to do. Thanks again for stopping by, really appreciate it...stay safe!

  • Yogi McCaw
    Yogi McCaw10 ай бұрын

    Really nice. The Sumerians really laid the groundwork for western civilization, it seems. Would love to hear more detail about Sargon and his sons that you referenced. Perhaps a future video on that material?

  • Original Man

    Original Man

    11 күн бұрын

    @zak haid No damn such thing as Middle east!

  • Al Hamilton

    Al Hamilton

    2 ай бұрын

    Each area of the world had their own cultural milestones that became synonymous with their peoples within those areas if you look back far enough you will find the head to be a first people on the first land mass which moved outwardly from that area I guarantee that where are you find the oldest landmass you find the first people look to the Americas😊😊

  • Ashley

    Ashley

    2 ай бұрын

    Western civilisation??!! Lol.

  • zak haid

    zak haid

    3 ай бұрын

    Western civilization just branch of middle eastern civilization.

  • MarketSocialist

    MarketSocialist

    5 ай бұрын

    The Summarains laid the foundations for civilization period..

  • Kimberly Samuel
    Kimberly Samuel2 ай бұрын

    You've done clearly an amazing amount of work. Thank you! Aren't we also in the time of Nimrod and Nebukanezer (sp)? And Ur of the Chaldeans?

  • Tuomas Nurmi
    Tuomas Nurmi25 күн бұрын

    Excellent content! You managed to really put the sumerian culture into context in terms of what came before it and also the lands and cultures surrounding it. Not just as an emergent first civilization as some portray it. Great job!

  • MATHHEW TOMPKINS
    MATHHEW TOMPKINS Жыл бұрын

    To me this is fascinating because when I was in Iraq I've been to a whole lot of these places. Just an incredible place. War has messed up a lot of it but it's still gorgeous.

  • Dan Cooper
    Dan Cooper Жыл бұрын

    What a fortunate video to stumble across when I’ve recently become obsessed with Mesopotamian history! You’ve earned a sub for sure with this one

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks, glad you enjoyed this and really appreciate the support! More on ancient Mesopotamia on the way, stay tuned and safe!

  • Brian Loy
    Brian LoyАй бұрын

    This was absolutely fascinating and seemingly thorough. I am very interested in the very early Sumerians and/or their predecessors. There seems to be a possible connection during that 100,000 BC to 40,000 BC in which Homo Sapiens Sapiens truly came into our modern existence. I’m also fascinated by the starting similarity between the Biblical version of “The Great Flood” and the Epic of Gilgamesh. Truly fascinating and educational. It’s just too easy to write off theories from the likes of Erich von Däniken, Zecharia Sitchin, Graham Hancock, Randall Carlson and others. Do the homework people if you desire truth!

  • Sumer Babylon

    Sumer Babylon

    5 сағат бұрын

    Yeah it's all missing Sumerian, Babylonian Kassite etc all because those who control the past control the present and the future.

  • Twyla Castaneda
    Twyla Castaneda Жыл бұрын

    Wow this is very well made, thank you! There's so much to compliment, it's all very professional, but also intuitive. I appreciate that you show the stuff that popped into my head as well! Such as layouts of cities etc. Not many channels bother to even sync the artifact photos to the narration, but you did it!! Thank you so much, I'm going to share this to so many people lol

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Hi, thanks so much for the constructive feedback, really appreciate it! Yeah, I sometimes get annoyed when some people just put random images from a google image search without realizing that the artifacts are actually incorrect - mixing up Sumerian with Assyrian or Babylonian for example, so I guess that's why I do my best to use appropriate images. Thanks again for stopping by, really appreciate it! More on ancient Sumer to come, stay tuned and safe!

  • Brian Ross
    Brian RossАй бұрын

    I really appreciate the work that went into the animation for this video. I have had lots of exposure to this material in the past and it makes a lot more sense with the pictures and icons. I like the video game feel to all of these videos even though I am not into video games. The creativeness in the images helps reinforce the facts. I have gotten a lot out of these videos thus far after subscribing to this channel even though most of this I already know.

  • Pyotr Growpotkin
    Pyotr Growpotkin2 ай бұрын

    I find it strange that the large settlements of the Danube are ignored when it comes to "first city" claims. There were several settlements with 10s of thousands of people, all predating the Uruk period. They had divisions of labor, they even had a seal system or as some linguists argue, a system of early writing. It's also one of the most materially rich cultures (varna necropolis).

  • Null Cognomen

    Null Cognomen

    6 күн бұрын

    the climate and construction techniques along the Danube doesn't really preserve much more than some knee high stonework as compared to say Çatalhöyük, which still has structurally sound walls

  • Atila The son of Danubius
    Atila The son of DanubiusАй бұрын

    Excellent work! The best Sumerian narrative I've experienced, with actual excerpts from their tablets. This definitely answered some of the questions other videos left unanswered. Keep up the good work.

  • Pedro Barone
    Pedro Barone Жыл бұрын

    OMG, this was a masterpiece! Your 1h documentary had more depth and quality than most of other videos. You're really an amazing content creator. I've a few questions though: do you have any background on art history? Your videos are full of archeological pieces that are not just laid there to impress, they really add to the story you're telling. Second, do you intend to progress through the ages, and talk about classical era civilizations and events, for example the romans? Anyway, hope you're well

  • SeaJay Oceans

    SeaJay Oceans

    Ай бұрын

    Why do they think every big marketplace building is a 'temple' - it's just the local shopping mall... to sell pottery and buy fish.

  • Amazing Packz

    Amazing Packz

    3 ай бұрын

    @zanbudd my my mo l p mo moo moo l me l mo moo llll mo l mop mo l me ll mop mo mo m mo ll mo ll

  • Amazing Packz

    Amazing Packz

    3 ай бұрын

    my mo ll mo ml l me mp mo mill moo moo l

  • Amazing Packz

    Amazing Packz

    3 ай бұрын

    p l

  • Amazing Packz

    Amazing Packz

    3 ай бұрын

    @History with Cy 0lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllp lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll lllllllllllllllllllllllllllll l llllllllllllllllllllllllllllll pl mo mo lll mo lllllll lllll lllll ll p l p

  • xXTheLastFa11enAnge1
    xXTheLastFa11enAnge110 ай бұрын

    I've been working on a novelization of the birth of Sargon's empire, your video helped me a lot ! Awesome work here, it's amazing to have access to such a piece of work for free ! You earned yourself a new subscriber :)

  • Jason

    Jason

    2 ай бұрын

    🧐 I remember the days when writing a paper required library research of material deemed credible enough to print and then composing something called a "bibliography" to make our work credible. Now we're just citing youtube links as source... 😕 The internet has really taken a bite out of the meaning of life, society isn't supposed to be condensed into a pocket sized screen, knowlege is supposed to be hard earned. That's just a fact of human evolution.

  • ADCK11
    ADCK11 Жыл бұрын

    Fantastic work on my favourite ancient civilization! Fathers of the 24h of the day and 360 degrees of a circle and of cities and civilization in the middle east! Congratulations. Probably some of the best content on KZread for ancient history aficionados!

  • Sir Ian Felix Brighton Esquire
    Sir Ian Felix Brighton Esquire Жыл бұрын

    This has to be the one of the best historical videos on KZread. You covered so many topics. And it’s clear you’d never be done covering them had you continued. I learned a lot.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    10 күн бұрын

    Thank you, really appreciate the kind words and sorry for the late response! Lots more on the way, especially dealing with Babylonia and the time period of this, stay tuned and thanks for watching!

  • Frik Na luzie
    Frik Na luzie5 ай бұрын

    Excellent video. Sumer truly was a mother civilization, with influence reaching far and wide.

  • Judi Kingsman
    Judi Kingsman5 ай бұрын

    It's amazing how some modern scholars still pontificate on the past. 😊 I remember when they said the Hittites did not exist! 🤔. I am really enjoying this series, especially your pronunciation of impossible words. 🤩 Thank you Cy. 💙

  • Tobie Davis
    Tobie DavisАй бұрын

    These videos are amazing!!! Id love to see a video on the stone age, that would be very interesting!

  • Dave Kroupa
    Dave KroupaАй бұрын

    I loved this video! I do wonder why a year gap was placed between literally every king. If one died in a certain year I would assume the next king began reigning in that same year, not a year later.

  • Holly Tomas
    Holly Tomas Жыл бұрын

    SUPERB!! This brought back memories of spending my days, was unemployed in the British Library, London, studying the Sumerians! No access to glorious information like this back then! Just heavy tomes which I carted about the library and made copious hand-written notes from! I don't know why I've never watched anything before about the Sumerians. I'll certainly be watching more of your videos. Thanks so much for a thorough and enlightening programme! I had remembered some facts incorrectly, and never really knew before now, just how Sumerian culture met its end. Thanks...

  • Justin Thomas

    Justin Thomas

    2 ай бұрын

    This brought back memories of being on Camp Babylon. Touching the ancient wall of Babylon. Sitting on the lion. Seeing the older bricks tied into Saddam's recreation of the city, to include a maze. I didn't realize how awesome my experience was.

  • Kaarli Makela

    Kaarli Makela

    2 ай бұрын

    Holy Heck! Did you meet the illustrious cuneiform expert Irving Finkel?! The British Museum. Part of my Dream Trip. ❤️

  • Jack Jones

    Jack Jones

    4 ай бұрын

    @Hike Oganessian I want to know much more than what you had room to write here. Is there a book or series to which you could refer me? I copied the names of Mitchell S. Rothman Merrick, Hellenthal, Bugsy, Brand, Wilson, Myers, Falush, and H.V. Hilprecht. Could you give me their first names to connect or is it unnecessary if I just add Hittite or Armenia? Thank you.

  • Hike Oganessian

    Hike Oganessian

    Жыл бұрын

    Rothman, quoted said...''All that was known in Mesopotamia came from Armenia and that Armenia is the absent fragment in the entire mosaic of the ancient world's civilization's construction. according to Anthropologist Mitchell S. Rothman regarding the extent of discoveries and specially on the quality of horse bones proved, According to him, that it was from the Shangavit Armenian 6000 years ago that the culture of that area spread around to the ancient world... Professor Jensen also says. ‘For almost everything that is known in the Hittite language is Old Armenian in form..Historian Sayce 1845-1933) also consider Hittite and Armenian to be one and the same’. what some historians say...H.V. Hilprecht(1859-1925) a Clark research professor of Assyriology and scientific director Babylonian expedition at the University of Penn. argue that the Hittite tongue is Armenian and the Hittites themselves were of Armenian stock...according to Ellis (1861) through language analysis we observe that under the names of Phrygians, Thracians,Pelasgians and Etruscans spread westward from Armenia to Italy and Elis claimed that the closest affinities of the Aryan element are the Armenians ..other historians that agree are..Hellenthal, Busgy, Brand, Wilson, Myers and Falush...let me quote Merrick (2012) All religions are descended from and ancient Vedic cosmology described in the Rib - Veda, originating in Armenia near Mt. Ararat at least 6800 ys ago and the basic concepts of a transcendental mountain extending into space and populated planet Star-gods were developed...he further says...This Astrotheology then migrated with Armenian Aryans to found the Sumerian Ethiopian/Egyptian and Indian civilizations and religions...from Language as a fingerprint Setyan...

  • JDG602
    JDG602 Жыл бұрын

    Absolutely amazing work. This is a great companion to the books I am reading. I am reading the chapters on Ancient Mesopotamia in The Penguin History of the World, Story of Civilization: Our Oriental Heritage, and another book on The Sumerians. This is very detailed and I am very impressed there is no way I will not understand Sumeria with this and my books! Thank you!

  • JDG602

    JDG602

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy Awesome! I did not notice that. I just ordered A History of the Ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323 BC, very excited the book looks like a really good resource. Much appreciated.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    @JDG602 Hi! Actually, I forgot to tell you, I have a link in the video description, "Sources and Suggested Reading" that will be helpful. Those are all books that I recommend, but if you need more, let me know!

  • JDG602

    JDG602

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy Awesome thank you for your reply I would love any recommendations that you have. The more data and resources the better I have found that you can not understand anything if you only get the information from one source. I find the Sumerians so interesting and understanding them is to understand civilization in itself for many of the arts, sciences, and beliefs we have even today all stemmed from the Sumerians. I am excited about your future content I will definitely be watching a great deal of your content and look forward to more to sate my curiosity. Thank you your work is appreciated.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks so much for the kind words and glad that you found the video useful! I'll have a lot more on ancient Sumer coming up, but in the meantime if you need any more resources for your studies, please don't hesitate to let me know. I'd be more than happy to help. Thanks again for watching... stay safe!

  • S F
    S F2 ай бұрын

    I've been searching this subject and this is the best organized, most detailed video I've found. Thanks for giving me the structure to hang the other stuff on.

  • Peter Revesz
    Peter Revesz Жыл бұрын

    The video nicely explains that the Sumerians originated from several earlier local cultures, namely the Halaf, Samarra and Ubaid cultures. It is probable that even the Sumerian language was a linguistic composite of the languages of these earlier groups. In particular, it was proposed in a journal article that these at least two language families can be detected within Sumerian words: a Dravidian and a Uralic one. The following video explains this idea: kzread.info/dash/bejne/napr0sOufNe7fag.html

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks so much for the feedback, really appreciate it! I'll check out the video too, thanks for sending it! More on ancient Sumer to come, stay tuned and safe!

  • Gooner 72
    Gooner 722 ай бұрын

    One of the best documentaries on this subject I've ever seen, absolutely brilliantly done, well done fella!!! There's no bias, no wild and weird theories, just facts. Fantastic work mate!!!!

  • J B
    J B Жыл бұрын

    I love Cy's videos. The ancient world is so fascinating and getting it all put together in a neat package like this is fantastic. Thank you Cy the Great!

  • Red-baitingSwine
    Red-baitingSwine4 ай бұрын

    Thank you for providing clear, hard to find history of this region/time.

  • Matthew of Nineveh
    Matthew of Nineveh Жыл бұрын

    Amazing job. Your videos help my Assyrian family learn about our cultural ancestors. They will love this one, thank you!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thank you and so happy to read this... I'll be doing more specifically on Assyria in the near future as well. All the best and stay safe!

  • Drew Shourd
    Drew Shourd Жыл бұрын

    IF youtube had short videos comments to upload here, you would see me standing and applauding, an amazing presentation, very detailed, well written, very well read, timing, editing, all of it...bravo bro. Thank you SOOOOOO much for making and sharing this video, we are all blessed to have encountered and inhaled this amazing piece, many blessings to you sir.

  • renaissanceman21c
    renaissanceman21c Жыл бұрын

    Excellent work! Thank you for putting this together!

  • Tracey Thompson
    Tracey Thompson2 ай бұрын

    Wow, what a fabulously detailed documentary!! Thank you so much for making it!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    2 ай бұрын

    My pleasure, thank you so much for watching it!

  • Sinister One
    Sinister One Жыл бұрын

    What an amazing piece of work you have done here. Your passion for history and art, human culture really shows in your production of this documentary, you should be proud of what you have accomplished. Subbed 👍

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    10 күн бұрын

    Thank you, really appreciate the kind words and sorry for the late response! Lots more on the way, especially dealing with Babylonia, stay tuned and thanks for watching!

  • Angayasse
    Angayasse Жыл бұрын

    When I saw the title "complete" I got so much excited, and when I saw the length I just went WOOOOW, this is epic! Thank you Cy, you are a spark of hope I have for knowledge and science!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks for the kind words and support, really appreciate them. It was honestly a lot of fun to make this... took longer than I thought but worth it in the end. More to come, stay safe!

  • zalm
    zalm4 ай бұрын

    thanks a bunch for this I've been interested in my history for a long time I wanted more info than i already had so this video is really appreciated

  • Scholastic Vibrations
    Scholastic Vibrations2 ай бұрын

    Interestingly, "Umma(h)" is the Arabic word for "nation." Perhaps the city of Umma was so important that the place became synonymous with the term much in the same way the city of Byblos, a Phonecian city became synonymous with the word Biblioteca, which means library in Latin because they printed so many books in the ancient world.

  • Dave green
    Dave green4 ай бұрын

    I was excited to find your channel. I’m an anthropologist and am fascinated by the “ erudite armchair late 19th and early 20th century Egyptian/ Semitic/ Summerian ‘ Experts ‘. Stay at home guys like Gerald Massey. His books are rare and very expensive. I wanted an overview of the Sumer/ Akkadian ( et al ) social context based on Modern facts so that when I listen to the 1 Massey audiobook out there on this platform. And you put a SOUND TRACK on through out. It’s either educational- which is what I expected or entertainment and then it’s a film. American documentaries should learn from the Best documentaries, natural history etc - The British. Where the content of the program is paramount to the ego of the presenter. Shame.Distracting. Bad business. Some people may enjoy it , or at least put up with it and that’s fine. But then there’s people like myself who don’t like the soundtrack. And you are losing potential subscribers. You’d have both sets if just spoke and educated us. Just a gwumle me old bean. 💽 - NO. ☯️ - Yes. Thank you. Aum Mani Padme Aum 🕉

  • PodNu
    PodNu3 ай бұрын

    Great to see this video about Sumer, a history show made with heart!

  • Jusk A Husk

    Jusk A Husk

    2 ай бұрын

    Once time travel is invented, I'm going to go back to the Neolithic and warn everyone "Sumer is coming".

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    3 ай бұрын

    Thanks, really glad you enjoyed this! Lots more on the way, stay tuned and thanks for watching!

  • Ad Roest
    Ad Roest Жыл бұрын

    Thank you for this high quality video. A lot of research time was put in this. I did my research as well during more than ten years and I can add some information. The very first symbol that we see full screen is the most important cuneiform symbol. It has several meanings: 'star', god, heaven and home. This together refers to the planet Nibiru which is the home of the gods and that is called heaven by the earth dwellers. At 1.00'. 27"we see a moon crescent with an eight beamed star in it. The moon crescent is the symbol for our planet Earth. The eight beamed star is the planet Nibiru. That these symbols are put together means that there is a bond between these planets. The planet Nibiru orbits our sun i n an eccentric orbit. That’s why it seems invisible for a long time and it comes close to the sun and its planets for a very short time. Due to its enormous speed during the crossing of the ecliptic planes from the planets, it causes a cycle of disasters on our planet. The best known effect is a huge flood as Noah's flood. To learn much more about recurring floods, the cycle of civilizations and its timeline, ancient high technology and alien deities, read the eBook: "what I know about Nibiru". Search for: know nibiru

  • D Duif

    D Duif

    9 ай бұрын

    This is correct

  • Evgeni Kavrakov
    Evgeni Kavrakov Жыл бұрын

    The fact that their main God /before the Dynastic period I mean/ was a God of science and art shows a lot. It is very interesting and it shows how advanced the Sumerians were (yes , it was not a God of War/ Godess of Love and Fertility as a main deity) Very interesting video

  • Axel Stelljes

    Axel Stelljes

    2 ай бұрын

    @History with Cy b,. 00 90ö9i9

  • A N B B

    A N B B

    2 ай бұрын

    Advanced cultures become altruistic and it leads to very interesting mass suicidal practices.

  • label me

    label me

    2 ай бұрын

    @Michael Werkov he's not wrong. Science and art are indeed the noble paths, but this world was built by violence and exploitation and that continues to this day to be the most effective means. It's almost as if it's our very nature to be terrible.

  • Michael Werkov

    Michael Werkov

    4 ай бұрын

    @MR. Bell you always make such asinine comments?

  • Gruts Thefoodman

    Gruts Thefoodman

    4 ай бұрын

    @MR. Bell everything comes to an end 😎

  • Anglomachian
    Anglomachian4 ай бұрын

    I always found the idea of naming one’s self “The King is Legitimate” to be a little overly compensatory.

  • Triplefresh
    Triplefresh5 ай бұрын

    A few good minutes in, and this is really good content. Thank you for putting in so much effort into it. The only critique, is the pronunciation. I am fluent in Hebrew and have studied ancient Hebrew since I was a child. The names of all these places and people were documented thousands of years ago in the books that I study. I guess it's cool that the pronunciation is what bothers me and not the content itself

  • Lord Mortos
    Lord Mortos4 ай бұрын

    Great video! I learn more history here than I ever did in school.

  • scarletteshadow
    scarletteshadow2 ай бұрын

    This is my obsession! Thank you for your playlist of Ancient Mesopotamia! Subscribed!!!

  • Daniel Montes
    Daniel Montes Жыл бұрын

    I love this. I always wanted something that really explained the earliest civilizations and this is it!!!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks, so glad the video was helpful! More on ancient civilizations on the way, stay tuned and safe!

  • Amadeu Macedo
    Amadeu Macedo Жыл бұрын

    As customary, I loved this meticulously researched documentary. Incidentally, Pietro della Valle (1586-1652) was the first European who found the ruins of UR, while travelling through Mesopotamia along with his Assyrian Christian wife in 1625. Because at that time the Persian and Ottoman empires were at war over the rule of Bagdad, his travelling guides suggested that they located a site in order to hide from a suspicious group of men, who looked as though they were galloping in their direction. As such, by sheer coincidence they "stumbled" upon a huge structure in their horizon, to which they flocked and where they spent a few days. Della Valle was fascinated by the monumental size and quality of the huge walls as well as to the multitude of cuneiform writings which appeared throughout the site. Thanks for yet another wonderful upload.

  • Rob Metcalf

    Rob Metcalf

    Ай бұрын

    bellbeaker

  • Carla Lakins

    Carla Lakins

    Ай бұрын

    @21LAZgoo there was a worldwide cataclysm around the time of your “bottleneck”. Every civilization on earth reports of massive flooding, volcanoes, “cities” wiped out. For the past 20 years our sciences have been gathering the evidence as our technology becomes more sophisticated. Whether meteor or sun micro nova, something set civilization back to the starting point.

  • earl pipe

    earl pipe

    2 ай бұрын

    No, his style of commenting is actually good and cool just for the fact of it being a unique voice amongst the general banal sameness of the majority of commenting. It's obvious he also is putting his own thoughts about things in them & not just repeating monosyllabic utterances that are already in multiple generations of being repeated

  • earl pipe

    earl pipe

    2 ай бұрын

    America is more of a freemasonic nation at it's heart than a christian one. Most of the founding fathers were lodge members, and it was their freemasonic beliefs which informed much of the constitutional frameworks for our rights and nation. Just look at the famous memorial depictions of George Washington, they're about as anti deism as it gets, and entirely glorify man itself as it's own divinity

  • earl pipe

    earl pipe

    2 ай бұрын

    Imo, religious dogma & those who construct it are more worthy of scorn than any purported divinities involved and evoked in such matters

  • Dark Horse
    Dark Horse Жыл бұрын

    My 15 month combat tour was like the most epic field trip. From Ur to Nineveh you name it I seen it.. And more we covered from bahgdad and everything north. There are some wild ruins.. In Samarra especially.

  • Michael Davis

    Michael Davis

    2 ай бұрын

    Samarramas , it's relevant .

  • Tom Redd
    Tom Redd2 ай бұрын

    Excellent. I have always loved reading about Sumer since I was a child in the 1950s. This video was well made and organized. It did a great job of telling the story of Sumer from beginning to end, which has always confused me before. Thank you.

  • Sahsenem Elif Gaboriault
    Sahsenem Elif Gaboriault Жыл бұрын

    Beautiful work! Appreciate your time, research and sharing. Thank you!

  • Maykon Junkes
    Maykon Junkes Жыл бұрын

    Epic! Thank you SO much for all the love put on your art.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Honestly, my pleasure...this was a lot of fun to make so glad you like it! More to come, stay safe!

  • The.French.Lobster Colin Raufaste
    The.French.Lobster Colin Raufaste Жыл бұрын

    An masterpiece, as all the meanings of this word could imply ! I hope you're proud of your work here, every minute was worthy of the total attention you and (probably) us and I gave to it. thanks a lot, go on on that path

  • Keith Quinton

    Keith Quinton

    2 ай бұрын

    @History with Cy knono

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Wow, thank you! Thanks so much for the feedback, really appreciate it and glad you watched the whole thing... not many have the patience for that! More on ancient Sumer and Mesopotamia to come, stay tuned and safe!

  • Jared Preble
    Jared Preble Жыл бұрын

    Citing the date of each photo adds to the story so well! Thank you for taking the time to make this. I want to make history videos now 😂

  • amada5966873
    amada59668733 ай бұрын

    Amazing how similar they are to the Mayans.

  • Jaroslav Doležel
    Jaroslav Doležel Жыл бұрын

    This is great content. History of Sumer from very beginnings up to Ur III dynasty nicely summarised a nad presented. One thing bothers me though, and I know it's matter of choice and time. That is when it comes to Early Dynastic period, conflict between Umma and Lagash always seizes the spotlight, sometimes royal graves of Ur, but they are mostly mentioned with regards to Great Deth Pit and treasures. I'm wondering, what about the other kings. What was going on in, say, Uruk or the other cities during ED. Ur would also deserve much more attention especially given that a bead with the name of Mesannepada was found in the city of Mari on the middle Euphrates which suggests some connections between these two cities. I'm aware that you have to make choices and as you've mentioned you had to cut the video significantly and I'm so grateful for what you are doing. Wish you best luck with following episodes.

  • Katrina

    Katrina

    5 ай бұрын

    Ur of Chaldees

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks! Yeah, I really only value the SKL as a historical source towards the end, really from Lugalzagesi and later because I believe that by then, there must have actually been adequate resources for the compilers of the list to use. Yeah, Mesopotamia, Invention of the City is a great book! Piotr Steinkeller is great too, he has a really good book on interactions between the Gulf region and the Indus in the 3rd millennium BC (title is something like that) that I want to examine further for when I hopefully do something on ancient trade networks. Anyway, thanks again, really appreciate the support and stay safe!

  • Jaroslav Doležel

    Jaroslav Doležel

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy I completely understand you reasons for picking Lagash/Umma conflict as something to cover in this video. People tend to think Sumer was single political unit with one king and all, but this is a great example what dynamic might have been between each city. SKL is somewhat dubious source if it comes to historical accuracy. It lists some dynasties that were most likely parallel as if they followed one after another and there are some other discrepancies. I've read an essay by P. Steinkeller on this topic where he discusses historicity of literary sources regarding Sargon of Akkad compared to other sources such as inscriptions or archaeological finds. But SKL is the best we have and I believe scholars must have been thrilled when they found an inscription of a king who is listed in SKL. Although sometimes it gets more complicated like in case of Enmegaragesi. Thanks for recommendation. I've read Sumer and Sumerians by Harriet Crawford and it was amazing. Another great book on topic of cities is Mesopotamia: The Invention of the City. Great to hear there is more to come on topic of Sumer. I'll be looking forward.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Hi, hope all is well on your end! Yes, I can understand your frustration...I too really wanted to add a lot more into this program, especially with regard to trade, daily life and also expose the audience to the richness of Sumerian literature. I've written down your suggestions and will see if I can incorporate them into some follow up programs to this one. But yeah, the connections between Mari and Ur and fascinating... not just the bead but also the lion-headed bird that was found in Mari that most definitely came from Ur. I sometimes wonder if such items had something to do with the time that "the kingship was in Mari" as stated in the SKL, but then again Mesannepada is also on the list, so the chronology would be off. The reason I focused more on Lagash is because it's history is much better documented than other cities, so it's easier to imagine what the politics between various city-states may have been like by examining its history. I like your idea of Uruk though and believe that it could be a program in and of itself. I'll take a further look into it. I've done short videos on various cities before, but maybe I can do a longer one on the histories of Ur and Uruk in the future. One really good book on Ur is called "Ur: City of the Moon God" by Harriet Crawford. It's relatively short but gives a good chronology of the city and it's history from it's founding up until the Achaemenid period. Anyway, thanks again for the support, really appreciate it! Lots more on Sumer and related topics to come, stay safe!

  • Maria Corrales
    Maria Corrales8 ай бұрын

    MANY years ago, my dad who passed away, participated in National Geographic GENEBASE project. For our my family, it was simply about learning his genetic makeup because he was adopted as a young boy, losing his parents during the Civil War of Spain yet, having a large family tree spanning eight generations; and shocking learning instead, he was Basque. Plus, understanding a little more, migration patterns (Spain, Basque, Germany, Georgia Caucasus, Asia, Egypt, Sumer)..much talk about having haplogroup directly and distinct, Sumerian. Now, I want to learn more..more..more. Keep sharing.

  • mixererunio
    mixererunio Жыл бұрын

    Dear God. This is epic. Just epic. Whole hour. I can't say how grateful I am.

  • Ellis Terrell

    Ellis Terrell

    Жыл бұрын

    Accept Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior and you will be saved. John 3:16 (share the good news of the gospel around the world!) Have a wonderful day/night, may the LORD bless you all, and farewell!,.,,,,,,,.,.,..

  • Frank Willow-Rogers Jr.

    Frank Willow-Rogers Jr.

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy Thank you for these "hours". These minutes..these very seconds of Olden Southern Mesopotamian History. My favorite area on the face of the planet.

  • Stefan De Bever

    Stefan De Bever

    Жыл бұрын

    Great documentary

  • Michael Lewis

    Michael Lewis

    Жыл бұрын

    @Maykon Junkes o

  • Michael Lewis

    Michael Lewis

    Жыл бұрын

    @Maykon Junkes oo

  • Guido Stefanuto
    Guido Stefanuto Жыл бұрын

    What a wonderful video, Cy!! Thank you very much for making this! Such an amazing way to put the previous videos in context =D

  • Guido Stefanuto

    Guido Stefanuto

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy I definitely love it! It was well worth the wait =D I look forward to discussing your ideas!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks my friend, glad you liked it... took a while to make but was worth it in the end. Also, while making it I came across some ideas for merch that I'll share with you shortly. More on the way and thanks again for the support, really appreciate it!

  • dersitzpinkler
    dersitzpinkler Жыл бұрын

    Leave it to Cy to make an hour long video that’s as consistently jam-packed with fascinating info as any 10 minute video out there. Grateful for your work bro!

  • Arquiteto Bioclimático & Urbanista Biofílico

    Arquiteto Bioclimático & Urbanista Biofílico

    Жыл бұрын

    @History with Cy I prefer long video!! thank you so much!!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    My pleasure, so glad you enjoyed this. Was a lot of fun to make and worth the time. I think I'll do more of these types of videos in the future, just break them up into sections with time stamps. I think it might be better for you all to have all the information at once rather than over the span of several months. Anyway, thanks again, really appreciate the support...stay safe!

  • Tarika
    Tarika Жыл бұрын

    I just started to Study Ancient History and this helped me a lot. Thank you!

  • Tom Sunhaus
    Tom Sunhaus Жыл бұрын

    This video in particular, but similar to others, is text book quality. Thank you for your excellent efforts.

  • idontbelonghereanymore
    idontbelonghereanymore4 ай бұрын

    I love listening to these types of videos, helps connect the dots of so many things I've read, and heard all of my life.thanks.

  • Tom Sunhaus
    Tom Sunhaus Жыл бұрын

    This video in particular, but similar to others, is text book quality. Thank you for your excellent efforts.

  • Pedro Lion
    Pedro Lion Жыл бұрын

    Your videos are AMAZING. As a history lover I miss so much documentaries focusing on these people. I don't know if you has already done, but I would love to see more stuff about the East, like ancient India and China, also Nubia, the Mycenae, the Egyptians when they were divided in Upper and Low, the early arabic peninsula, also the early jews are very interesting too, Indochinese ancient history, but of all those places Mesopotamia is so so fascinating. Thank you very much for providing such great work, you will receive a lot of recognition down the road, people like me will discover your channel. Again, amazing!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks my friend, really appreciate the kind words of encouragement! There will definitely be more, especially on India and Egypt later on this year. Gotten a lot of requests on the Arabian peninsula too so will get into that soon as well. Hope all is well on your end and stay safe!

  • Robert Paulson
    Robert Paulson2 ай бұрын

    I am continually in awe of the British museums that preserved these artifacts. Who knows what was lost elsewhere.

  • Marlon Bryan Muñoz Núñez

    Marlon Bryan Muñoz Núñez

    Ай бұрын

    The British looters of the world. Those are just Imperial spoils, It doesn't have anything remarkable.

  • Parker Pennies
    Parker Pennies2 ай бұрын

    Really enjoyed this excellent work. And your music choice also was as meticulous as the presentation. Thank you.

  • Мергуль Кулахметова
    Мергуль Кулахметова Жыл бұрын

    Absolutely great! Conceptual lecture. I appreciate the author 👏

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks, really appreciate the kind words. More to come, stay safe!

  • Aline Vondeling
    Aline Vondeling Жыл бұрын

    Wunderbares Video❤️ habe noch nie so ein detailliertes und gut gemachtes Video❤️Danke! Danke! Tausend Dank 🙏🏻

  • Great Expectations
    Great ExpectationsАй бұрын

    This narration helps me travel back in time and marvel at the wonders of the first civilizations.

  • paranoid pen
    paranoid pen Жыл бұрын

    Great presentation. Thank you for putting that together. Well done!

  • Sonny Brittle
    Sonny Brittle Жыл бұрын

    This is a great addition to the other sites you've created. Very thorough and informative. It seems that the people who lived in that area during these times, killed and conquered or tried to conquer their neighbors . . . . . not much has changed.

  • GoGreen1977

    GoGreen1977

    Жыл бұрын

    It really hits home, doesn't it? Yes, great cities were built, art and culture thrived, trade flourished between communities and societies, but there was always war, destruction, and death over territory, wealth, and control of others. Not much has changed.

  • Sheri Maldonado
    Sheri MaldonadoАй бұрын

    Stunning and most informative so far. Good job.

  • Roger Amezquita
    Roger Amezquita8 ай бұрын

    Great video , I was wondering if ancient Egypt and Sumerians did have any contact since they were two separate empire I wonder if they trade and exchange

  • F Dadachanji
    F Dadachanji Жыл бұрын

    Great concise summary of Sumer, thanks for posting!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks my friend, really appreciate it! More to come, stay safe!

  • Jonathan Hughes
    Jonathan Hughes Жыл бұрын

    Glad someone actually tells the truth about this area and it’s awesome true history.

  • Tuber Root
    Tuber Root2 ай бұрын

    I really like the Kings List. They openly say: some king lasted about six years here, no idea who he was. Few today are that honest.

  • Zbigniew Barszczewski
    Zbigniew Barszczewski10 ай бұрын

    What do I know ... among archaeologists and historians: any finds of large-size buildings are always interpreted as temples? Why not schools, universities? Imagine a university hall a few thousand years later and someone interprets the professor's table as an altar. And the second thing: Hebrew and Arabic are written from right to left. What is direction of Cuneiform and Egyptian writing? Were the texts properly interpreted?

  • Kimani Njoroge
    Kimani Njoroge2 ай бұрын

    For an offbeat dive into Sumer, human origins and the seeding of civilization, check out the Lost Book of Enki

  • KAZ
    KAZ18 күн бұрын

    You pronounce the e and i in cuneiform, separately. Cue-NAY-ih-form. Having mentioned that Mesopotamia is Greek, it's worth note that Euphrates and Tigris are both Old Persian. None of those words are what was used when Sumer or the Babylonian empire existed.

  • Hawkster52
    Hawkster52 Жыл бұрын

    You make truly excellent work. I'm amazed I hadn't stumbled across your work before.

  • Rich Quitliano
    Rich Quitliano Жыл бұрын

    Not bad! There are some interesting theories about the Sumerian gods, Enki and Enlil in particular having come from Niburu. According to this theory the Sumerian pantheon were ancient astronauts Enki (the creator god/scientist) creating humans and Enlil (Yaweh) the manager god) taking over.

  •  Williams

    Williams

    Жыл бұрын

    Enki is more prominent on youtube, Marduk and Anu were the two dudes in charge; with Marduk defeating Tiamat.

  • Sandria Gutierrez
    Sandria Gutierrez Жыл бұрын

    What an excellent video! Thank you for your work. Well done!

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks so much for the feedback, really appreciate it! More on ancient Sumer to come, stay tuned and safe!

  • Ken Rik
    Ken Rik15 күн бұрын

    During this period in Earth history, celestial beings (Anunnaki) walked the planet among humans, who revered them as gods. The Sumerian civilization and culture was heavily influenced by them.

  • Patricia Wolford
    Patricia Wolford5 ай бұрын

    Most excellent research and presentation. Thanks.

  • ellobo1314
    ellobo1314 Жыл бұрын

    This documentary was simply delicious. Thanks for highlighting early Mesopotamian history. We need more focus on this crucial time period of human history.

  • Ml994 L

    Ml994 L

    Жыл бұрын

    Youre welcome

  • Eric Clark
    Eric Clark Жыл бұрын

    AWESOME content... Thank you for the video. I just subscribed to your channel and expect all subsequent videos to be as well researched and explained. Thanks, again! -Eric C.

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    Жыл бұрын

    Thanks Eric, appreciate the feedback and the support! There's more on the way, Sumer and other regions. Stay tuned and safe!

  • RsFrag3d
    RsFrag3d3 ай бұрын

    Thank you for presenting well researched material

  • History with Cy

    History with Cy

    3 ай бұрын

    You're welcome, glad it was helpful!

  • MumblesBadly
    MumblesBadly6 ай бұрын

    Cy, the failure of the Neo-Sumerians to repel the Amorites is likely linked to the decline of the efficiency of grain cultivation in the lower Mesopotamia due to salt accumulation in the soil.

  • Rod
    Rod4 ай бұрын

    A fascinating account that brings clarity to the evolution of a complicared period of important history. However, I wonder how the clay tablets survived when they were not fired? Do you have any information about this?

  • Tsrif Tsal

    Tsrif Tsal

    2 ай бұрын

    conflagration

  • Jeane Gray
    Jeane Gray Жыл бұрын

    I just took the My Bronze Age Origins test (Gene Plaza) and found out that I was 14% ancient Hebrew, the people of the Bible. I never knew I was Israelite, but I guess I should have known because I was always curious about the bible stories and always felt part of the people of the bible. Now I have proof. I have also 22% Chongoni Rock art , which fits with my ancestry because I am a quarter black. Just a warning, don’t get the beginner test, it’s cheaper but it doesn’t have the ancient people of the Bible.

  • Joseph Ang
    Joseph Ang2 ай бұрын

    Sumerian culture makes me feel so emotional for some reason. Great doc!

  • Roner

    Roner

    2 ай бұрын

    Yeah, happens to much people...is the beginning of human civilization..cities, religion, monarchy, armies...everything.

  • Morteza Parkook
    Morteza Parkook6 ай бұрын

    Thanks, very informative, I enjoyed every second of it.❤ Gonna watch it again and again. Tell Al-'Ubaid تل العبید in Arabic means "The Hill of Worshipers" or "The Hill of Slaves". Tell: Hill, Al: The, 'Ubaid: Slave, worshipers of God; as they believe we should worship God like slaves because we are slaves of God and should give all of ourselves to God.

  • CANADA DELENDA EST
    CANADA DELENDA EST Жыл бұрын

    This is my favorite period of history. Sumeria through the end of Persia....I wish someone would make more games based in this period. An open world thing would be amazing!

  • Phil Indeblanc

    Phil Indeblanc

    2 ай бұрын

    Very interesting...The Sumerians knew the earth to be flat, as about 1:02min in video we have the Shulgi saying "I am king of the 4 corners". And this is 2000 years BCE...WOW! Oddly enough, now 2000 some years later, science is making full circle as the eath being flat is re-enstated as fact. For only 90 years has the globe model so craftily brainwashed the masses. While we claim so many false historic figures as "evidence" that they knew long before. Which is just as accurate as the hogwash we hear from pseudo science today. You did a great job with the information our rulers have spread.

  • King Dingaling

    King Dingaling

    2 ай бұрын

    @hooman I like it. I need to get a console. It’s been A While I don’t even have a PS4. Lol. But I think I’m ready to get some VR Headset on That stuff is what looks ill Games like this would be amazing in VR , then when MLB The Show & Madden are able to be played for real style on them that will be some fun . The boxing games already appear to be legit

  • hooman

    hooman

    2 ай бұрын

    new game Assasins Creed mirage are in iraq ... i hope in story they go in persia and Sumeria

  • King Dingaling

    King Dingaling

    2 ай бұрын

    Be Dope to create a game based on The Bible and You go though learning so much as you are conquering levels . That’s Be ill Like a GTAV Format but all about Biblical Times & The Stars ✨ That’d Be ill AF , imo

  • King Dingaling

    King Dingaling

    2 ай бұрын

    @Vadergamerboss 66 that would be dope af

  • otooleger
    otooleger9 ай бұрын

    Excellent . Enjoyable and very informative . Thanks you.

  • Gila Banget
    Gila Banget22 күн бұрын

    This is awesome. Thank you for your work.

  • Ellie Lynn
    Ellie Lynn6 ай бұрын

    This must have taken so long, thank you for this!

  • Spooky
    Spooky6 ай бұрын

    Imagine seeing through a portal just a glimpse of that time

  • The Danish GSM Channel Henrik Buitenhuis
    The Danish GSM Channel Henrik Buitenhuis2 ай бұрын

    Amazing I say. Great work. Thanks so much for the video and info.

  • Bob Griffin
    Bob GriffinАй бұрын

    Thanks for this. I think that this is a weak spot in my knowledge. I need simple general points that people can relate to in what they already know. It says that the Summerian civilization finished in 2004 BC. It doesn't say it in this video but that was about the time of Abraham. You can see why he would want to leave Ur after this collapse. This helps me with some of the details of Summer in the British Museum. The god of Lagash is over a doorway in the museum. Also, Shulgi is mentioned. I do free tours of the Assyrians, Egytians and Middle East in the British Museum on Wednesday afternoons. I start at the Black Obelisk (Room 6 at the bottom of the Egytian Gallery on the ground floor) at about 2pm or 3pm until 4:50pm when the museum closes.